Terms In Scratch With Definitions

A Terms

  • Animation — Project that animates something
  • Answer — A value which holds what has been input into the Ask block
  • Archived Forums — Forums that have been archived and can no longer be posted

B Terms

  • Blocks — Blocks make up scripts, which make a project work
  • Broadcast — A message that is sent through the Scratch program, activating When I Receive () blocks

C Term

  • Control Block — A block that either starts a script or keeps a script running 

D Terms

  • Default Value — The default value of an insert in a block
  • Direction — Where a sprite is pointing
  • Duplicate — to copy and create another

E Terms

  • Educators — An archived forum, that was used by educators to discuss the teaching of Scratch
  • Extension, Scratch Extension — An object or program that can be used in conjunction with Scratch

F Terms

  • FAQ — Could refer to:
    • Frequently Asked Questions — A page on the Scratch Wiki devoted to frequently asked questions about Scratch
    • FAQ (forum) — A forum devoted to frequently asked questions about Scratch
    • Scratch FAQ — An FAQ page about Scratch
  • Forever — A function in Scratch that repeats a set of code forever, done by the Forever block
  • Forum — Could refer to:
    • Advanced Topics — See under A
    • All About Scratch — See under A
    • Announcements — See under A
    • Archived Forums — See under A
    • Collaboration — See under C
    • FAQ — See under F
    • Language Forums — See under L
    • Miscellaneous — See under M
    • New Scratch Members — See under N
    • Project Ideas — See under P
    • Requests — See under R
    • Scratch Forums — See under S
    • Sensor Boards — See under S
    • Show and Tell — See under S
    • Suggestions — See under S
    • Text-based Games Forum — See under T
    • Troubleshooting — See under T

G Terms

  • Gobo — A popular Scratch mascot
  • Green Flag — Sometimes simply called the ‘flag,’ this is what starts most projects’ scripts running

H Terms

  • Hat Block — A block that starts any script
  • Hide — A feature in Scratch which completely hides a sprite from the screen

I Term

  • Ignore List — A list to ignore certain users

L Terms

  • Language Forums — A group of forums where Scratchers can discuss Scratch in other languages and the translation of the Scratch interface and website
  • List — Called an ‘array’ in most programming languages, this holds lots of strings
  • List Block — A block which controls a list
  • Looks Block — A block which controls how a sprite or the stage looks like

M Terms

  • _meow_ — The string for a popular icon discovered in 2011 with the icon 
  • Messages and Notifications — Messages a user gets
  • Motion Block — A block which controls a sprite’s movement
  • My Stuff Page — A Scratcher’s profile page

N Terms

  • New Scratcher — A rank used on the Scratch forums for relatively new spammers and relatively new, inactive Scratchers. Users who do not spam and are active on the Scratch website become regular Scratchers.
  • New Scratchers — A forum for helping users new to the website, as well as for new users asking for help
  • Newest Projects — A section on the front page which lists the most recently uploaded projects
  • Notifications — See Messages and Notifications
  • Number Blocks — What the Operators Blocks section was called in versions of Scratch prior to 1.4

O Term

  • Operators Blocks — A block that performs math functions and string handling

P Terms

  • Paint Editor — Scratch’s built-in image editor
  • Pen — A feature in Scratch, which allows things to be drawn on the screen
  • Pen Extension — The group of blocks allowing the use of the pen
  • Platformer — A video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles
  • Presentation Mode — Viewing a project offline in fullscreen mode
  • Project Ideas — A forum for requesting ideas for projects

R Terms

  • Report Button, the — A tool in the Scratch Forums used for bringing a post to a moderator’s attention
  • Reporter Block — A block which reports a value, determined by the content of the block
  • Remix — A project created by downloading, modifying, and re-uploading another project
  • Requests — A forum for requesting scripts, sprites, etc. for use in projects
  • Run Without Screen Refresh — the ability of custom blocks to run large scripts quickly due to the video output not being displayed each block

S

Due to the large number of terms beginning with ‘S’ this section has been split into two different sections: terms beginning with the word “Scratch” and others.

S Terms

  • Scratch — A drag and drop programming language made by the Lifelong Kindergarten Group at MIT
  • Scratch Cat — Scratch’s mascot and default sprite.
  • ScratchEd — A website for educators using Scratch; not to be confused with “Scratched” (below)
  • Scratched — A project that is an attempted replica of another game, etc. e.g. “Pac-man Scratched”; not to be confused with “ScratchEd” (above)
  • Scratcher — Somebody who programs with Scratch and/or uses the Scratch website
  • Scratch Extension — See Extension
  • Scratch FAQ — A list of Frequently Asked Questions about Scratch
  • Scratching, to Scratch — A verb meaning ‘to program with Scratch’
  • Scratch Mentors — A group of Scratchers made to help other Scratchers, give feedback to the Scratch Team, and work on site-wide projects
  • Scratch Olympics — A competition where Scratchers from different countries compete to make the best projects

S Terms

  • Sensing Block — A block that detects something, from a sound from a microphone to whether a sprite is touching a certain color
  • Signature — A block of text and/or images created by the user, that appears below their forum post
  • Simulation — A kind of project which attempts to recreate or model a real-life circumstance, such as a simulation of balls bouncing
  • Snap! — A programming language which imitates Scratch but allows users to make their own reporters and provides first-class lists and procedures
  • Sound Block — A block which controls either a MIDI Instrument or sound
  • Sound Editor — Scratch’s built-in sound creator and modifier
  • Sprite — An object in Scratch which performs functions controlled by scripts
  • Squeak — The environment in which Scratch runs and is programmed in
  • Stack Block — A block that performs actions within Scratch
  • Stage — The background of a project, performs functions through scripting
  • Sticky — A forum thread that is “stuck” at the top of its forum
  • String — A series of keyboard characters, which can be help in reporter blocks, variables or listsStudio — A place where users can place multiple projects into an accessible group

T Terms

  • Tag — A label to help categorize a project shared on the Scratch Website
  • TBG Moderator — A user who moderates the Text-based Games forum
  • Text-based Games Forum — A forum separate from the main forums, used for text-based games
  • Trigger Block — In the Experimental Viewer, Control Blocks are split into ‘Control’ and ‘Triggers;’ the Triggers are the hat and broadcast blocks
  • Troubleshooting — A forum for reporting glitches in the Scratch program or website

V Terms

  • Variable — A value that holds a string that can be changed 
  • Variable Block — A block that controls a variable 

X Term

  • X Position — The position that a sprite or the mouse is at along the horizontal axis

Y Term

  • Y Position — The position that a sprite or the mouse is at along the vertical axis

Trushil Shah

Author: Trushil Shah

My name is Trushil Shah and I am 10 years old. I live in Australia, a multicultural country. I have a little sister. Here are many things I like to do, to see, and to experience. I like to play sports, study, do technology experiencing, go out into the world, read, write, see the lunar eclipses by a glimpse, share time with my family, code in scratch and most of all have fun. I like flowers in spring, rain in summer, leaves in autumn, and snow in winter. I want to be a doctor or engineer when I grow up. I like many different types of food. My favourite subject of all is Maths. I am always trying to do my best. Whatever I do I want to do best.

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